Guangzhou / Canton / 广州

 

Geography

Situated on the lower reaches of the Pearl River in southern China, Guangzhou is the capital of the province of Guangdong. Historically referred to as "Canton", its key position near the mouth of the Pearl River Delta has made the city an international hub of trade, commerce, and travel since the outset of the Silk Road over 2,200 years ago. This location also gives the city its subtropical, monsoon climate, producing long, humid summers and moderate, dry winters. 

Spanning an area of about 7,400 sq. km, Guangzhou is home to over 14 million residents across 11 administrative districts, making it the most populous city in the province of Guangdong, and the third largest in mainland China. The city is well known for its livability, boasting a vast, efficient transportation network and an abundance of green spaces, leading to its title as "The Flower City". It has been awarded the "International Garden City" prize by the UN, as well as the Dubai International Award for Best Practices to Improve the Living Environment. 

Guangzhou's prominence has also led to its being designated as one of five "National Center Cities" since 2010, charged with leading the country politically, economically, and culturally, alongside preeminent cities such as Beijing and Shanghai.